Northern National Parks: Models from Across Canada
Thaidene Nene is currently being conceived of as a combination of National Park Reserve and territorial protection. There have been assurances from the GNWT and the Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation that all NWT residents will be able to continue to use and access Thaidene Nene. When a new national park is proposed, residents often wonder whether the designation will limit their on-going use and enjoyment of the area. In recent years, northern national parks have typically been established in a way that enables continued land use and renewable resource harvesting by non-aboriginal residents while protecting its ecological and cultural values.
We anticipate that Thaidene Nene will follow this approach, ensuring that residents’ interests are taken into consideration in the establishment of the park. For aboriginal residents, the practice of aboriginal rights is guaranteed; for non-aboriginal residents, we anticipate activities consistent with the northern lifestyle will be allowed to continue.
The examples below illustrate the flexibility that is possible under the Canada National Parks Act, while still providing the strongest protection for the land, water, and wildlife of Thaidene Nene.
|Activity||National Park Example|
|Land use and renewable resource harvesting by non-aboriginal residents||
• Wapusk, Manitoba: local users who lived in the area in the lead up to park establishment - and their children - can continue renewable resource harvesting and cabin building (with a local use permit).
|Hunting and trapping by non-aboriginal residents||
• Wapusk, Manitoba: local users allowed (must hold appropriate park and provincial permits).
|Fishing by non-aboriginal residents||
• All national parks: recreational fishing by permit.
• Auyuittuq, NU: aircraft permitted to land in any location.
• Wapusk, Manitoba: firewood collection included in list of ‘traditional renewable resource harvesting activities’ for which local users can obtain a permit.
• Wapusk, Manitoba: residents may apply for a local use permit to carry firearms for hunting.
|Domestic Animals (dogs)||
• In general dogs are allowed in national parks if they are on a leash and as long as they don’t disturb people or wildlife.
• Wapusk, Manitoba: included in list of ‘traditional renewable resource harvesting activities’ for which local users can obtain a permit.
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